Ancient Greek Geographers: Hipparchus, Eratosthenes, Strabo, Pytheas, Dicaearchus, Posidonius, Agatharchides, Pausanias, Megasthenes Source Wikipedia

ISBN: 9781156391129

Published: August 12th 2011

Paperback

32 pages


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Ancient Greek Geographers: Hipparchus, Eratosthenes, Strabo, Pytheas, Dicaearchus, Posidonius, Agatharchides, Pausanias, Megasthenes  by  Source Wikipedia

Ancient Greek Geographers: Hipparchus, Eratosthenes, Strabo, Pytheas, Dicaearchus, Posidonius, Agatharchides, Pausanias, Megasthenes by Source Wikipedia
August 12th 2011 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 32 pages | ISBN: 9781156391129 | 4.49 Mb

Chapters: Pytheas. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 139. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Pytheas ofMoreChapters: Pytheas. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 139. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge.

Excerpt: Pytheas of Massilia (Ancient Greek ), 4th century BC, was a Greek geographer and explorer from the Greek colony, Massilia (modern day Marseille). He made a voyage of exploration to northwestern Europe at about 325 BC.

He travelled around and visited a considerable part of Great Britain. Some of his observations may refer to Stonehenge, the earliest report (if true). Pytheas is the first person on record to describe the Midnight Sun, polar ice, and Germanic tribes and the one who introduced the idea of distant Thule to the geographic imagination. His account is the earliest to state that the moon is the cause of the tides. Pliny says that Timaeus (born about 350 BC) believed Pytheas story of the discovery of amber. Strabo says that Dicaearchus (died about 285 BC) did not trust the stories of Pytheas.

That is all the information that survives concerning the date of Pytheas voyage. Presuming that Timaeus would not have written until after he was 20 years old at about 330 BC and Dicaearchus would have needed time to write his most mature work, after 300 BC, there is no reason not to accept Tozers window of 330 BC 300 BC for the voyage. Some would give Timaeus an extra 5 years, bringing the voyage down to 325 BC at earliest. There is no further evidence. If one presumes that Pytheas would not have written prior to being 20 years old, he would have been a contemporary and competitor of Timaeus and Dicaearchus.

As they read his writings he must have written toward the earlier years of the window. 1620 edition of Strabos Geographica.Pytheas described his travels in a work that has not survived- only excerpts remain, quoted or paraphrased by later authors, most familiarly in Strabos Geographica, ...More: http: //booksllc.net/?id=2334



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